BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — Alabama record producer Rick Hall, who recorded some of the biggest musical acts of the 1960s and ’70s and helped develop the fabled “Muscle Shoals sound,” has died.
Hall died at his home Tuesday following a fight with cancer, said longtime friend Judy Hood. He was 85.
Hall founded FAME Recording Studios in northwestern Alabama in 1959 and went on to record major acts including R&B stars Aretha Franklin and Wilson Pickett. Hall also recorded country artists including George Jones and Brenda Lee and produced pop acts including Paul Anka and the Osmonds.
RIP Rick Hall legendary founder of Fame Studios and the father of the "Muscle Shoals " sound . Setting up a multiracial house band and recording black and white artists in the segregated deep south he produced some of the greatest sides in American recording. pic.twitter.com/Op08HqEEYT
— John Stack (@JohnStack57) January 2, 2018
A new generation of listeners knows Hall through the 2013 documentary “Muscle Shoals.” The movie tells the story of Hall, the region’s musicians and their distinctive, soulful sound featuring heavy bass, guitar and electronic organ or piano.
David Hood, Judy Hood’s husband and a member of the “Swampers” rhythm section immortalized in the Lynyrd Skynyrd song “Sweet Home Alabama,” said Hall “had a very definite idea of how things were supposed to sound.”
“I think his real fix was as a mixer,” said Hood. “He inspired us all and made sure we were playing what he wanted.”
RIP Rick Hall. Thank you for all the music you helped bring into the world. Sad start to 2018. pic.twitter.com/Hb5ntBvpDp
— Seasick Records (@seasickbham) January 2, 2018
— Jason Durden (@JasonDurdenWSB) December 29, 2017
Performers including Jason Isbell took to social media to praise Hall and his legacy.
Isbell tweeted: “Rick Hall and his family gave me my first job in the music business, and nobody in the industry ever worked harder than Rick. Nobody. American music wouldn’t be the same without his contributions. His death is a huge loss to those of us who knew him and those who didn’t.”
Country music singer-songwriter Mac McAnally sent a tweet calling Hall the “Godfather of Muscle Shoals Music,” adding: “Godspeed my friend!”
Hall, a native of Mississippi, received a Trustees Award from the Grammy Awards in 2014, and he is a member of the Alabama Music Hall of Fame.