BRUSSELS—New rules to tackle money laundering in the European Union took effect on Monday but the bloc already faces calls for further reforms as new shortcomings emerged after alleged wrongdoing at banks in Baltic states and Malta.
The fifth review of the EU anti-money laundering directive became binding on Monday after two years of EU talks to strengthen controls on the real owners of companies and digital payments, including virtual currencies.
But despite marking progress in the fight against large-scale fraudsters, the new rules could be born obsolete as they fail to address new gaps exposed by a series of banking scandals this year in Latvia, Estonia, and Malta.
The adopted overhaul requires states to set up centralized bank account registers to smooth the work of security forces. But the national “financial intelligence units” remain weak and rarely cooperate, making it easier for criminals to get away with illegal proceeds when they transfer them across borders.
A common supervision could be more effective.
“The Commission cannot hesitate any longer in bringing forward a legislative proposal for a European anti-money laundering authority,” EU lawmaker Sven Giegold said on Monday.
His call echoes demands from the European Central Bank’s top supervisor, Daniele Nouy, who has said EU rules do not give supervisors clear powers to pull banking licenses over alleged money laundering, or force the removal of bank board members if they do not pass a so-called “fit and proper” assessment.
The European Commission, which is in charge of proposing EU legislation, has responded to the growing pressure by setting up a group of banking watchdogs that is expected to improve “practical coordination of anti-money laundering supervision”.
Possible new ideas are expected by the end of the year, but a fresh legislative crackdown is unlikely until a new European Parliament takes office after next spring’s elections.
By Francesco Guarascio